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The written content for this site came from a combination of personal knowledge and experiences, patient experiences, information shared by TOS expert providers, intensive research, and the published materials listed below.


Illig KA, Thompson RW, Freischlag JA, Donahue DM, Jordan SE, Edgelow PI, eds. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome, First Edition. Springer-Verlag London; 2013


Illig KA, Thompson RW, Freischlag JA, Donahue DM, Jordan SE, Lum YW, Gelabert HA, eds. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome, Second Edition. Switzerland: Springer Nature; 2021


Moridzadeh RS, Gelabert MC, Rigberg DA, Gelabert HA. A novel technique for transaxillary resection of fully formed cervical ribs with long-term clinical outcomes. J Vasc Surg. 2021 Feb;73(2):572-580.


Jammeh ML, Ohman JW, Vemuri C, Abuirqeba AA, Thompson RW. Anatomically Complete Supraclavicular Reoperation for Recurrent Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: Clinical Characteristics, Operative Findings, and Long-term Outcomes. Hand (N Y). 2022 Nov;17(6):1055-1064.


Vemuri C, McLaughlin LN, Abuirqeba AA, Thompson RW. Clinical presentation and management of arterial thoracic outlet syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 2017 May;65(5):1429-1439.


Thompson RW. Comprehensive management of subclavian vein effort thrombosis. Semin Intervent Radiol. 2012 Mar;29(1):44-51.


Sheng GG, Duwayri YM, Emery VB, Wittenberg AM, Moriarty CT, Thompson RW. Costochondral calcification, osteophytic degeneration, and occult first rib fractures in patients with venous thoracic outlet syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 2012 May;55(5):1363-9.


Freischlag JA, Glebova NO, eds. Diagnosis and Treatment of Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. Diagnostics. Special Issue 2017-2018.


Goeteyn J, Pesser N, van Sambeek MRHM, Thompson RW, van Nuenen BFL, Teijink JAW. Duplex Ultrasound Studies Are Neither Necessary or Sufficient for the Diagnosis of Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. Ann Vasc Surg. 2022 Apr;81:232-239.


Vemuri C, Wittenberg AM, Caputo FJ, Earley JA, Driskill MR, Rastogi R, Emery VB, Thompson RW. Early effectiveness of isolated pectoralis minor tenotomy in selected patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 2013 May;57(5):1345-52.


Cook JR, Thompson RW. Evaluation and Management of Venous Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. Thorac Surg Clin. 2021 Feb;31(1):27-44.


Brownie ER, Abuirqeba AA, Ohman JW, Rubin BG, Thompson RW. False-negative upper extremity ultrasound in the initial evaluation of patients with suspected subclavian vein thrombosis due to thoracic outlet syndrome (Paget-Schroetter syndrome). J Vasc Surg Venous Lymphat Disord. 2020 Jan;8(1):118-126.


Raptis CA, Sridhar S, Thompson RW, Fowler KJ, Bhalla S. Imaging of the Patient with Thoracic Outlet Syndrome. Radiographics. 2016 Jul-Aug;36(4):984-1000.


Sanders RJ, Annest SJ. Pectoralis Minor Syndrome: Subclavicular Brachial Plexus Compression. Diagnostics (Basel). 2017 Jul 28;7(3):46.


Balderman J, Abuirqeba AA, Eichaker L, Pate C, Earley JA, Bottros MM, Jayarajan SN, Thompson RW. Physical therapy management, surgical treatment, and patient-reported outcomes measures in a prospective observational cohort of patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 2019 Sep;70(3):832-841.


Jammeh ML, Yang A, Abuirqeba AA, Ohman JW, Thompson RW. Reoperative Brachial Plexus Neurolysis After Previous Anatomically Complete Supraclavicular Decompression for Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: A 10-Year Single-Center Case Series. Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2022 Aug 1;23(2):125-132.


Illig KA, Donahue D, Duncan A, Freischlag J, Gelabert H, Johansen K, Jordan S, Sanders R, Thompson R. Reporting standards of the Society for Vascular Surgery for thoracic outlet syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 2016 Sep;64(3):e23-35.


Donahue DM, Godoy IRB, Gupta R, Donahue JA, Torriani M. Sonographically guided botulinum toxin injections in patients with neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome: correlation with surgical outcomes. Skeletal Radiol. 2020 May;49(5):715-722. doi: 10.1007/s00256-019-03331-9. Epub 2019 Dec 5. PMID: 31807876.


Schleifer L, Vogel S, Arun A, Lum YW, Lawrence C, Hui F, Sun LR. Stroke Caused by Arterial Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in an Adolescent. Child Neurol Open. 2022 Jun 7;9:2329048X221105743.


Caputo FJ, Wittenberg AM, Vemuri C, Driskill MR, Earley JA, Rastogi R, Emery VB, Thompson RW. Supraclavicular decompression for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome in adolescent and adult populations. J Vasc Surg. 2013 Jan;57(1):149-57. 


Sanders RJ, Annest SJ. Technique of supraclavicular decompression for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 2015 Mar;61(3):821-5.


Pantoja JL, Rigberg DA, Gelabert HA. The evolving role of endovascular therapy in the management of arterial thoracic outlet syndrome. J Vasc Surg. 2022 Mar;75(3):968-975.e1.


Ohman JW, Thompson RW. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in the Overhead Athlete: Diagnosis and Treatment Recommendations. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2020 Aug;13(4):457-471.


Freischlag J, Orion K. Understanding thoracic outlet syndrome. Scientifica (Cairo). 2014;2014:248163.


Dadashzadeh ER, Ohman JW, Kavali PK, Henderson KM, Goestenkors DM, Thompson RW. Venographic classification and long-term surgical treatment outcomes for axillary-subclavian vein thrombosis due to venous thoracic outlet syndrome (Paget-Schroetter syndrome). J Vasc Surg. 2023 Mar;77(3):879-889.e3.


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